How To Defend Yourself From Drones

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They are technologically advanced, but they also have a dark side that many underestimate: drones can be used to violate others’ privacy or commit crimes. Here’s how to defend yourself from these hidden pitfalls.

Drones, also known as UAVs, are aircraft without a human pilot on board. Born in recent years as a military tactical weapon, drones nowadays have countless applications in the industrial and civil fields: from aerial photogrammetry to thermal analysis of industrial plants and security watch. Their flight is controlled by a ground pilot using a remote controller. There is a wide variety of shapes, sizes, configurations and features of a drone; but all are piloted by radiofrequency signals. The world market for UAVs rises dramatically every day, in fact, new models appear in the market for their cost reduction so that today it is possible to buy a drone at the cost of a smartphone by controlling the flight using a simple app. In fact, commercial drones are easy to find, easy to drive, can be easily adapted to transport weights (and thus electronic devices) at an extremely low altitude. Surely a nightmare for all those who have so far understood airspace protection as a task to be conducted through military operations involving the launch of interceptor missiles. The constant and continuous diffusion of drones can be seen as a positive thing. However, it should be borne in mind that in some cases improper use can create problems. Not everyone is willing to have objects flying over their heads, or over private property, objects driven by strangers and can now shoot video. At a rigorous record, let’s remember as early as 2013, During a quarrel, Chancellor Angela Merkel found himself with you with an unauthorized drone landed just a few feet away from the stage. In that case, the drones mounted only one camera on board, but his presence caught everyone with surprise and aroused great surprise and alert by security personnel. More recently in Washington DC even a dronesman of drones managed to land one inside the White House gardens, obviously unleashing innumerable reactions from the secret services. The bad use of commercial drones has also raised concerns about the privacy of the most common people since most of them are equipped with cameras that can invade the privacy of citizens by taking photos and videos of people and property. But not only, Drones are increasingly used for criminal purposes such as smuggling, terrorist attacks, and gathering information about any place or person you want. All this is also creating legal problems and, in some cases, has also resulted in violent events.

Drone captures drone

“THE MINACCIA REPRESENTED BY THESE LITTLE VELIVOLI IS APPARENTLY INNOCUI IS GROWING, FACING TO DISCOVER THE POPULATION OF THE GREAT POTENTIAL OF THIS TECHNOLOGY”

Indeed, in the United States, it is about to promulgate a law that allows and authorizes citizens to break down drones flying over private areas if the owner feels violated his privacy. But not only. Always in the US is another attempt to regulate and give the possibility to individuals to defend themselves from drones used for professional reasons. A consortium of privately-owned companies has developed a service that, through a free internet site, allows, once registered, to create an off-limits geographic area for drones, a kind of no-zone. Once the non-overnight zone has been established, consortium companies update the flight plans of sophisticated drones that are used by companies for work, implementing within them all areas forbidden to their presence. In Italy, the recent Remote Aircraft Regulation is now known by the ENAC, which has tightened the sanctions and introduced, among other things, the requirement for drones for drones below 300 grams . This new legislation is only the first step towards more stringent regulation of drones. Alongside normative countermeasures, there is also a lack of technological technology defined as the “anti-drone operation”. The first task of an anti-drone operation is its detection: this phase, using the military jargon, is technically defined as “Surveillance & Target Acquisition”. Although very small,

Aquila captures drone - Intellisystem

They can also be detected by electromagnetic countermeasures capable of capturing the video link or command and control, allowing in many cases also to determine the exact position of the pilot. Once the drone is intercepted it is possible to trace its flight paths and, if necessary, attach it by producing electromagnetic waves capable of interfering with its operation. Starting from the assumption that all commercial drones are generally constructed with standard components whose typical frequencies for remote control and video link are always the same (more precisely 433MHz, 900-915 MHz, 1.3GHz, 2.4GHz and 5 , 8 GHz), it is very easy to implement countermeasures defined by the jamming term that interrupts the radio link between the drone and the pilot. Jammers are instruments used to inhibit historically designed RF radio transmissions and products for military purposes and law enforcement because broadband communications interruption was a valuable safeguard against criminals and terrorists. Some, for example, were also designed to inhibit the use of detonators for remote controlled explosives. There are different types of jammer, depending on the uses and the purposes for which it is to be operated. for example, were also intended to inhibit the use of detonators for remote controlled explosives. There are different types of jammer, depending on the uses and the purposes for which it is to be operated. for example, were also intended to inhibit the use of detonators for remote controlled explosives. There are different types of jammer, depending on the uses and the purposes for which it is to be operated.

Depending on the type of use, the jammer operates at different frequencies by releasing into the radio wave environment the sole purpose of “overrun” and thus disturbing and blocking the transmission signals between the drone and its operator. Considering that some drones integrate onboard a GPS device and have a “return to home” function that automatically activates if the connection with the pilot is interrupted after interference, it would also be possible to follow the drone that does return to the point from which it was taken off, allowing the pilot to locate. It should be noted that the recent versions of anti-drummer Jammer in the market are in the form of a real electromagnetic wave rifle which, thanks to the directivity of the antennas that integrate, they cause a selective disturbance directed only towards the object pointing, in our case, the drone. Unfortunately, there is no legislation in Italy that, in the interests of privacy, allows the use of any form of jammer because, pursuant to articles 340, 617 and 617 bis of the Penal Code, it is punished for the use and installation of these systems. So there is nothing left to wait until the legislature decides to regulate its use in our country as it is done in the rest of the world. the use and installation of these systems is punished. So there is nothing left to wait until the legislature decides to regulate its use in our country as it is done in the rest of the world. the use and installation of these systems is punished. So there is nothing left to wait until the legislature decides to regulate its use in our country as it is done in the rest of the world.

“PUR EXISTING VICTIMS OF CONTROMISES IS OBLIGED BY A PRUDENT APPROACH TO THE LEGISLATION ASSOCIATED TO A PRACTICAL METHOD OF APPLICATION OF THE LAW FOR ALL COLORS WHO CONTROLLING THE RULES MAKES DAMAGE TO OTHER”

On the other hand, there are also anti-jammer countermeasures, which give the possibility to detect the existence of interference caused by the jammer, allowing them to be identified. Or, the most experienced drone pilots can use barriers like trees or monuments to avoid being intercepted. Kinetic countermeasures, that is, all those initiatives that involve the physical dropping of the drone, other than those involving the use of bullets and missiles, are for obvious reasons almost always to be excluded. Possible damages resulting from these techniques on an inhabited center are easily imaginable. However, there are more targeted and proportional kinematic alternatives that are at the same time somewhat extravagant. Below we will review what today are more fashionable, including some very bizarre ones. The drone dropping the drone, for example, stems from the imitation of anti-drone flying equipment already used by Tokyo police. In fact, a group of students at Michigan Tech University, led by Professor Rastgaar, developed a radio controlled Octocotter prototype that was able to detect and disable the threat of drones that came into their airspace. Replacing this intruder hunt as modern “robotic falconry”, it has been shown that the Octopus can capture any drone within a radius of more than 15 meters by throwing a network that traps it and consequently makes it fall in favor of its recovery. a group of students from Michigan Tech University, led by Professor Rastgaar, developed a radio controlled Octocotter prototype that could detect and disable the threat of drones that came into their airspace. Replacing this intruder hunt as modern “robotic falconry”, it has been shown that the Octopus can capture any drone within a radius of more than 15 meters by throwing a network that traps it and consequently makes it fall in favor of its recovery. a group of students from Michigan Tech University, led by Professor Rastgaar, developed a radio controlled Octocotter prototype that could detect and disable the threat of drones that came into their airspace. Replacing this intruder hunt as modern “robotic falconry”, it has been shown that the Octopus can capture any drone within a radius of more than 15 meters by throwing a network that traps it and consequently makes it fall in favor of its recovery.

Rifle Drone Jammer

Another solution, which has been used in US prisons, stadiums, and government offices for a long time, involves the use of special high-sensitivity acoustic beacons that activate the approach of a drone, alerting the surveillance personnel. These special sensors have been recently used to watch over the Boston Marathon. Finally, we conclude the review with the most ecological method that may exist, which involves the use of specially trained hawks and eagles to intercept the drones and capture them as if they were a prey. As you can imagine the fantasy of man is surprising. Considering possible countermeasures according to these latest defense techniques, we just have to imagine scenarios of response that involve a real battle between drones where the offensive drone will try to break down that interceptor and vice versa. All this seems surreal but it’s around the corner! The danger is relatively recent and remains to be seen as it will be faced in emergency situations. In any case, as with any security theme, there are always measures and countermeasures on both sides. Who will win the game will be who will be able to put in place more and more innovative and technologically advanced solutions. as there are always measures and countermeasures on each topic on security issues on both sides. Who will win the game will be who will be able to put in place more and more innovative and technologically advanced solutions. as there are always measures and countermeasures on each topic on security issues on both sides. Who will win the game will be who will be able to put in place more and more innovative and technologically advanced solutions.

Edited by Cristian Randieri. This article is published in Safety & Security magazine  No. 80 – May / June 2016.

To download the article published in the magazine, follow the link below http://www.intellisystem.it/en/portfolio/ss-maggiogiugno-2016

 

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